When Was The Asean Agreement On Transboundary Haze Pollution Signed
For more information on ASEAN cooperation in the cross-border fight against sea pollution, see ASEAN Haze Action Online (haze.asean.org/) In October 2013, ASEAN leaders approved a common haze monitoring system for US$100,000.  In addition, Singapore has proposed to cooperate directly with Indonesian farmers to promote sustainable practices and minimize the problem over time by “addressing the brush problem”. Singapore has in the past cooperated with farmers in Jambi Province, Indonesia.  Since September 2014, the ten ASEAN countries have ratified the “dunst” agreement.  The contract did not prevent the annual return of low tide between 2004 and 2010 and, once again, in 2013, 2014 and 2015. Recently, Indonesia has become the world`s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, with 75% of its emissions due to deforestation.  They can be connected simultaneously via one or all of the methods below. The aim of the Haze Agreement is to encourage national and regional efforts to reduce air pollution. (Accord haze, art.
2) The parties agreed on this point: the tide is almost annual in some ASEAN countries. Dangerous feed values generally coincide with the dry season  from June to September, when the southwest is in progress. South-west monsoon winds relocate the nil from Sumatra, Indonesia to the Malay Peninsula and Singapore, sometimes creating a thick tide that can last for weeks. The agreement will avoid the establishment of an ASEAN coordination centre for cross-border control of oat pollution, in order to facilitate cooperation and coordination in managing the effects of forest fires and forest fires, in particular the penetration of pollution. While awaiting the creation of the centre, the ASEAN secretariat and the ASEAN Meteorology Expert Centre (ASMC) have jointly assumed the interim functions of the Centre. Indonesia was the last ASEAN country to ratify the agreement in 2014, twelve years after it was first signed in 2002.  Concerns remain about the Indonesian government`s ability to monitor and change the problem. In addition, the agreement established the ASEAN Coordination Centre for cross-border fog control to facilitate cooperation between nations to stem the effects of forest fires, in particular the haze pollution they cause. The ASEAN secretariat and the ASEAN Meteorology Expert Centre temporarily completed these tasks until the centre was established. (Article 5, the ASEAN Agreement on Haze Cross-Border Pollution, i.e.
Indonesia`s Deputy Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Arief Yuwono, proposed that the new centre be established in Indonesia, as it would “take advantage of the country`s role in joint efforts to address the problems caused by cross-border pollution mainly from that country.” (Aritonang, supra.) The agreement was reached in 2002, but it has some basis in a 1990 agreement between ASEAN environment ministers, which called for efforts to harmonize practices to prevent and reduce cross-border pollution.  The non-governmental group Greenpeace Southeast Asia also spoke about the oil spill problem. The group`s forestry activist, Yuyun Indradi, has called for a stronger legal framework to catch companies that flout the law, including the ability of banks and local stock markets to exclude these companies and their investors from trading in Indonesia.